Samoyed vs Japanese Spitz What’s the Difference

The majority of people keep dogs in their houses merely to have a companion all of the time. Many of them would take any animal as a pet, including dogs, cats, birds, snakes, and other animals. 

Dogs are the most popular and widely accepted pets. The main qualities of these creatures are that they are loyal and obedient to their owners and human family members. Canines are available in a wide range of breeds all around the world. Two of them are the Samoyed and the Japanese Spitz. 

Because no two dogs are alike, it’s crucial that we learn everything there is to know about these two breeds. Others are distinguished by their physical appearance and size, while others are recognized by their personality and behavior. 

The Samoyed is an ancient Russian breed that nomadic peoples primarily used to herd and care for reindeer. Nonetheless, they were employed for hunting. The sleek, powerful, and graceful appearance of these dogs sets them apart.

Their coat is gorgeous, with a dense, straight, rough outside layer and a delicate, short internal layer. There are two colors available for this breed: white and cream. They are kind and friendly animals who enjoy spending time with their family and get along with strangers, children, and other animals. 

The Japanese Spitz is a little family pet with a large watchdog’s soul. Although Japanese Spitz canines resemble American Eskimo Dogs, white Pomeranians, and miniature Samoyeds, they are distinct breeds with their own lineages and origins in Japan.

These dogs are also smart, simple to teach, low-maintenance, and good with kids. They make good apartment dogs if their exercise needs are met, and despite their beautiful white coats, they have relatively moderate grooming requirements. 

Samoyed vs Japanese Spitz Comparison Table 

 Samoyed Japanese Spitz 
Origin Country Russia Japan 
Size Medium Small 
Height 48 cm – 60 cm 30 cm – 38 cm 
Weight 15 kg – 29 kg 5 kg – 10 kg 
Lifespan 12 – 14 Years 10 – 16 Years 
Energy Level High Medium-High 
Coat Types Double Coat Double Coat  
Coat Texture Straight Straight, Silky, Wavy 
Coat Color Biscuit, Cream, White, White and Biscuit  White 
Hypoallergenic Yes No 
Grooming High Moderate 
Temperament Stubborn, Alert, Friendly, Lively, Intelligent, Sociable, Playful Intelligent, Affectionate, Proud, Playful, Loyal, Companionable 
Shedding Level High Moderate-High 
Health Problems Hip Dysplasia, Bloat, Pulmonic Stenosis, Diabetes, Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Runny Eyes, Patellar Luxation  

Samoyed Dog History 

Samoyeds are native to Russia, where the cold climate necessitates a well-insulated shell to protect them from the weather. Their name comes from the semi-nomadic Siberian Samoyedic people, who have utilized the breed for centuries for reindeer herding, hunting, sled pulling, and snuggling for warmth on chilly Arctic evenings. 

Samoyeds are classified as a basic breed, meaning they predate the creation of most modern dog breeds. Their exceptional work ethic and highly agreeable personality have made them an excellent companion to people throughout their long history, allowing the breed to thrive. 

In the late 1800s, Arctic explorers were the first to bring the breed to England, where the Samoyed’s beautiful coat and gentle attitude immediately made them a favorite of the upper crust. Alexandra of Denmark, who succeeded Queen Victoria as Queen of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions in 1901, selected them as her species of preference. 

In 1906, the American Kennel Club (AKC) legally registered Moustan of Argenteau as the first Samoyed in the United States. While Samoyeds were already well-known among mushing fans in North America, the AKC’s accreditation marks the first official recognition of Samoyeds as a top, show-worthy breed. 

Japanese Spitz Dog History

They were crossbreeding with spitz-type dogs acquired from other countries, including Canada, Siberia, China, Australia, and the United States, resulting in the development of the Japanese Spitz in Japan in the 1920s and 1930s. After years of crossbreeding the different spitz types, the Japanese Spitz was classified in 1948 as a petite, fluffy, white spitz breed. 

White German Spitz, Klein Wolfsspitz (also known as the Keeshond), and other white spitz-type breeds are supposed to have been employed in the creation of the Japanese Spitz. 

The United Kennel Club recognizes the Japanese Spitz as a member of the Northern Breeds groups in America. The Japanese Spitz is also a member of the American Kennel Club’s Foundation Stock Service, which is the first phase toward official recognition.

The Canadian Kennel Club (Non-Sporting Dogs group), the Japan Kennel Club, and the international kennel club Fédération Cynologique International all recognize this type of canine. 

Samoyed Physical Characteristics 

The Samoyed is a medium-sized dog that ranges in size from 53 cm to 60 cm for males and 48 cm to 53 cm for females. Males weigh about 20 kg and 29 kg, while females weigh between 15 kg and 22 kg. 

The Samoyed canine is a canine that is powerful, graceful, and elegant. This dog’s body is powerful and compact, and it has a two-layer coat. The undercoat is short, dense, and velvety, while the outside layer is harsh, straight, and thick. Samoyeds used to come in a range of hues, but now they are only available in white, white, and biscuit or cream. 

The head of this canine is wedge-shaped and well-proportioned in comparison to the rest of its body. It has a retracted belly and a wide, long, and deep chest. The eyes of this dog are dark brown and almond-shaped.

It has a black nose, yet during some seasons, it may lose color. The Samoyed has small, triangular, and upright ears. This animal’s tail is fur-covered and curls over its neck in most cases. 

Japanese Spitz Physical Characteristics 

In the case of a Japanese Spitz, it is a small-sized canine that can measure between 34 cm and 38 cm in males while females are between 30 cm and 34 cm. The average weight of this dog breed varies between 5 kg and 10 kg. 

Symmetric bodies; pointed muzzles; small, round, black noses; triangular, pricked ears; and huge, almond-shaped eyes with black rims characterize these small dogs. They have a noble and refined demeanor. They also have attentive expressions, giving them a fox-like appearance. 

Like other spitz-type breeds, the Japanese Spitz has a double layer with a short, thick undercoat and a straight outer layer that stands out from the body. Its face, legs, and ears are covered in short hairs.

Long hair covers the remainder of its body, particularly the shoulders and neck, providing it the appearance of a mane. The tail of the Japanese Spitz is long and heavily feathered. It has a completely white coat. 

Samoyed Personality and Behavior 

This dog is recognized for being gentle, kind, affectionate, and friendly to its owners and human family members. Unlike other breeds of dogs, Samoyeds get along well with children and other pets. They can also get along with strangers; however, socialization training may be required depending on their personality. 

When a stranger approaches them or their home, Samoyeds are lively, alert dogs who will bark. These dogs will try to warn their owners if there is a possible threat or danger. However, we must remember that Samoyeds are not watchdogs.

Despite their capacity to bark at strangers, they are likely to become friends with them quickly due to their happy and trusting temperament. 

As previously stated, this dog breed gets along well with other animals. However, it will need socialization training, especially if it lives with other small animals. Samoyeds were bred to be hunting dogs, and they can show their hunting instincts at any time. 

They are smart dogs who need to keep themselves occupied because they get bored easily. They are energetic and active dogs who enjoy spending the day with their family doing any type of physical activity. 

Japanese Spitz Personality and Behavior 

Japanese Spitz canines are desperate to impress their owners and like learning new things. They’ve made a name for themselves as natural comedians. These canines have perpetual grins on their faces, as though they’re enjoying the time of their lives. 

In their homes, Japanese Spitz dogs love to be the focus of attention. They get along well with kids and other animals in general, but they must be supervised around little children or large canines because of their small stature.

With strangers, this breed might be cautious (but never violent). They adore human company and would choose to spend time with them over practically anything else. 

These dogs are always on the lookout for danger. They will bark to alert you if something appears to be wrong, but they are not very vocal dogs and will be good in an apartment. 

Samoyed vs Japanese Spitz Life Expectancy 

The Samoyed has a life expectancy that can vary between 12 and 14 years. In the case of a Japanese Spitz, it can live between 10 and 16 years. It should be noted that the time that either of these two canines can live will depend on food, care, and quality of life in general.